Learning To Play Football? Utilize These Great Tips

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To figure out how to be a much better person, get some useful tips. You can develop into a great gamer should you be enthusiastic and rehearse a whole lot. Keep reading and discover out some information it is possible to put into exercise right now.

Remember you have a part in the crew, regardless if you are a natural enjoy producer or otherwise. A lot of people just make points occur about the area. If you do not have that ability, it is possible to work as a assistance to people that have various expertise than you are doing. Determine what your function is and enjoy for your advantages.

If you have the soccer ball and you also see available place, relocate toward it. You need to take a defender in to you, so the industry reveals for each of your teammates. Since the defender receives closer, pass the ball to someone that is in the stronger position than you. With a little luck, they may score .

Shielding is really a football talent. Practice with another person, and check out dribbling the tennis ball all around in a sq .. Encourage the body else to try and go ahead and take soccer ball apart. To reach your goals, ensure your physique stays between your rival and also the tennis ball. The greater you practice, the better you may be in the online game.

Extended distance running through the away from season is fantastic for soccer training. Numerous athletes will run a minimum of 8 miles throughout a activity. Once you teach yourself to run wonderful distances, you enhance your energy tenfold, which will enhance your game.

Exercise moving by placing two tiny cones roughly a feet apart. Kick the soccer ball from the hurdles that will help you learn how to move between adversaries and obtain it in your teammate. As you grow greater at this particular moving technique choose longer passes by and relocate the cones nearer jointly.

Ensure that you extend equally pre and post a football game or exercise. Jogging down and up the field put together with kicking the ball, can placed a great deal of tension in your muscle tissue. Stretching can help you to prevent injuries in the area while you are enjoying and stop you from becoming sore once the video game.

Attempt playing football in the house occasionally instead of outside. Inside will generally be a smaller sized industry than you are utilized to. It can help you focus on making decisions faster and tennis ball coping with. Once you move your game to in the open air, you’ll see that those expertise have better.

If you are kicking the soccer ball and also you observe somebody operating in your direction, do not anxiety. There exists a very simple way of avoiding them. Initial, kick the tennis ball to 1 area of the body. After you accomplish this, quickly kick the tennis ball towards the other part. Should you do this quick enough, you are going to steer clear of your opponent and stay in front of them. Because of this, you will be much better willing to credit score.

Training like it is really an genuine game. You can not learn to take below tension in the event you always practice casually. To aid enhance the chances of you good results throughout an real online game, accumulate a group of close friends collectively and practice like it is a actual video game. Phone a similar has while you would inside an genuine activity and attempt as hard as you would in a true activity.

Master the ability of your have-in. This is probably the greatest chances to credit score an objective since the thrower has higher power over the tennis ball. You need to use both hands along with the tennis ball have to go associated with your face for any appropriate chuck. This is an excellent time to use a tactical play to create a gamer near the target.

Constantly heat the muscles and stretch prior to a game title. This assists stop injuries and keeps you new and agile. Probably the most typical traumas can be a hamstring pressure. The hamstring can be found proper on top of the joint on the rear of your lower leg. You would be surprised at how effortless a personal injury can happen when you don’t stretch out your muscle mass before a game.

Since you now are finished reading through the advice, consider acquiring about the field and placing it to work with. You are inspired, and that will present on the discipline. This game is extremely enjoyable but demands a great deal of training.

Some of Your Prescribed Drugs Actually Can Cause Weight Gain

As of late impressive consideration has been attracted to an issue accepting more consideration. You might be working hard to get thinner yet you are proceeding to put on weight. Did you understand that a large portion of the medications or therapeutic medicines endorsed today will really energize weight pick up? What is Happening? Despite the fact that a few medications purchase buy th-pvp, in many cases, the specialist might have the capacity to move you to another prescription that that will successfully treat your condition yet which won’t prompt weight pick up.

You may not understand this yet prescription your specialist has recommended for some other condition could be to be faulted. could be to be faulted. Some physician recommended drugs endorsed for treatment of state of mind issue, seizures, headaches, diabetes, and even hypertension can really prompt weight pick up. What’s more a few steroids, hormone substitution treatment, and oral contraceptives can likewise prompt weight pick up. Indigestion prescriptions like Prevacid and Nexium may likewise prompt weight pick up.

This news may lead you to promptly conclude that you ought to end taking those meds. This might be a poor choice in many occasions. You unquestionably ought to recollect that examination research chemicals for sale to be purchased pounds might be justified regardless of the advantages that the drug is adding to your general wellbeing. While a few medications can be the reason for weight pick up, consider your alternatives deliberately and measure the estimation of the medication treatment against the potential advantages of the weight reduction.

Drugs That Can Cause Weight Gain

There is no complete rundown of doctor prescribed medications that can bring about weight pick up however it is recommended there are no less than 50 normal drugs. Steroids, for example, prednisone, antidepressants, for example, Elavil and Tofranil, and antipsychotics, for example, Zyprexa have been resolved as a couple of the medications that cause weight pick up. Other striking prescriptions that prompt weight pick up incorporate diabetes drugs like Diabinese and Diabeta, the antidepressants Zoloft and Paxil.

Truth be told sometimes it is not really the medication that specifically causes the weight pick up. In a case of this, if an upper makes individuals can rest easy, their craving might be enhance which essentially prompts eating more. To add greater many-sided quality to the perplex, drugs like Prevacid and Nexium, can make a few people get in shape while other individuals will put on weight. the antiseizure medicine Depakote, , and the hypertension pharmaceuticals Inderal and Cardura.

Air Bubble Film Machine

Air bubble film machine extrusion is scientific and reasonable structure design, smooth and reliable running and convenient operation and maintenance. Polyethylene air-cushion film (also called polyethylene bubble film), which is divided into two kind: ordinary polyethylene air-cushion film and composite polyethylene air-cushion film, is a kind of packing material which has been widely used at present. It not only has good cushioning effect, shock resistance and heat-sealing performance, but also has such advantages as good corrosion resistance and transparency , etc. So it has been widely used for packing, household wares, post parcel, bicycle , polyurethane furniture, etc.1.This air bubble film machine’s aircrew adopts the disposable shaping craft. 
Air bubble film machineair bubble film

1.This air bubble film machine‘s aircrew adopts the disposable shaping craft. 
2.The air bubble film machine is our factory that draws demotic and international advanced technology extensively, through a large number of production practic eses in having ordinary equipment originally, develop, designing,can produced polyethylene compound bubble(cushion) membrane in succession.
3.Designs science, practical. Rational in structure of the air bubble film machine.
4.The main machine and the composite parts can realize ganged frequency-converting.
The frequency converting is stable and accurate. The temperature control adopts PID intelligent temperature control.It is energy saving ,environmental and aureate.The composite parts can adjust pneumatic control which can saves a lot of time and efforts.

Model: KDPEG-1000 KDPEG-1200 KDPEG-1500 KDPEG-2000;
Main&minor Screw Dia.: 60mm/50mm 65mm/55mm 85mm/65mm 95mm/70mm;
Film width: 1000mm 1200mm 1500mm 2000mm;
Output: 120kg/h 160kg/h 180kg/h 250kg/h;
Total power: 75kw 95kw 120kw 165kw;
L/D: 28:1 28:1 28:1 28:1;
Linear speed: 1100m/hour 1100m/hour 1100m/hour 1100m/hour;
Weight: 5T 6T 7T 9T;

Kingdom Machine co,ltd
Mobile:0086-1358812663; 0086-13088651008;
Whatsapp/Viber/tango:+86-13958812663;  
Tel.:0086-577-66881211; Fax:0086-577-66881311;
sale@kingdommachine.com; Kingdombillwang@hotmail.com;
Skype:kingdombillwang
www.kingdommachine.com;
Ruian Economic Zone,Wenzhou,China 


Why You Must Buy Cialis Online

A man’s sexual health is not just regarding sex but in addition about mental health and that is why when erectile dysfunction strikes it can be a depressing time in a man’s life. The best thing is that, this can be healed if you buy Cialis online.  Canadian Pharmacy You can buy other brands of ED treatment yet many reasons exist why Cialis should be the drug of preference. With the 35 percent of men with some kind of ED here are the reasons to select Cialis. Cialis

What ED Is
Buy Cialis online may be done by any person. Yet, it is best to find out more about it first. The erectile dysfunction is due to the hardening of arteries.  This is often a result of deposits inside the layers of the arteries in the peni which means that the flow of blood is confined and therefore inhibits an erection. We have seen many different types of ED drugs to hit the industry for a long time now so the good thing is that at least ED is no longer a condition that cannot be treated.

Safety For Use
Every time you want to take prescription drugs you need to know about the safety of the treatment itself. Similar type of questions could be asked when you buy Cialis online. Cialis is one of the few erectile dysfunction drugs which are actually accepted by the Food and Drug Administration in the United States and they have found out that the medicine is good to use and effective. Not all medications receive this type of certificate. The side effects of the medication were also minimal after the tests and trials completed.

The efficiency of Ciais
The effectiveness is another thing that must be checked apart from where to buy Cialis online. The use of Cialis is effective and safe. Furthermore, it offers some elements that no other ED drugs offer. Only short time effects were felt on other erectile dysfunction medications. The effects of Cialis is felt to up to 36 hours after absorption. You and your partner can certainly enjoy a good sexual experience on a weekend.

The Cost
When you buy Cialis online, the price is the same as other drugs. The only real difference would be the amount that is needed to take to feel the effect. Other competitor drug for ED demands greater than one tablet to go on for the weekend. Cialis is just a single pill away. When you also buy it on the internet, you can find costs which would otherwise be unbeatable. There are other reasons to choose Cialis but those are the most important ones.

Calculating Level of Service!

Calculating Level of Service!

Valet Company in has its personal levels of service that do not approximate those inside the rest of the parking corporation. Gone are queue instances, turning bay radii, and so on. Instead, the simplest service level that makes a distinction is the time that the purchaser has to attend. And every valet client has his or her very own way of gauging time, however almost forever they estimate minutes as ten, and 5 minutes as a 1/2 of the hour. They also preserve that the alternative valet buyers, who came out when they did, had been given their automobiles again first. As valet parking is more of a valet company in Singapore than it’s miles something else, service levels ought to be built on foundations mounted in the carrier organization.

Arriving clients, however, ought to not be made to attend of their cars for any massive length of time before they may be greeted and attended to. A key component in wait instances, for putting in a service well stage, is the gap among the porte-cochere and the vicinity of the parked motors. If the area in which the automobiles are parked is over six minutes away, the LOS can by no means be higher than a C. And, unluckily, now not one of the valet clients will ever be glad that they best waited six minutes. Valet operations with some distance off parking areas are sometimes fine operated via radio or telephone dispatch to assist cut down on wait instances.

When to Implement a Valet Operation?

Valet operations are exceptional hired in settings when an improved degree of provider is favored, or in parking operations, in which an operator or facility proprietor desires to optimize using limited or unwanted parking. To the pleasant pick out conditions in which to set up a valet operation, we should first outline what is supposed by using valet parking. True valet parking carrier in Singapore is described by the use of the parking purchasers’ use of a single drop-off and choose out up factor for his or her vehicles. This net web page is referred to as the porte-cochere, a French time period describing a porch huge enough for a carriage to skip thru. However, in valet parking, it refers each to the spot where shoppers claim their vehicles, frequently a podium, and to the automobile staging vicinity in the vicinity. A porte-cochere should have numerous lanes for every traffic and parking. Portes coaches are typically positioned on the spot wherein it is most convenient for customers each to head away their automobile and gain get entry to their excursion spot, and then, whilst their employer has concluded, to go again to say their car. In the case of a lodge or restaurant, parts coaches are greater regularly than not placed adjacent to the front door. At hospitals, they may be usually placed via the precept front.

Office homes will now and again provide their valet company on the foot of the traveler the front ramp, closest to the elevators. Valet parking is regularly stressed with an “attendant help” operation. An attendant helps Singapore valet service is utilized in facilities wherein the space configuration includes tandem parking spaces. There isn’t any unmarried drop off element; rather, parkers will self-park and allow the attendants get entry to their automobiles’ keys. This lets in the attendants to have the ability to move cars as had to allow consumers, whose vehicles are blocked via others, to go out. This operation works pleasant in workplace buildings with numerous floors of tandem areas. Attendants are stationed for the duration of the ability, without regard to an unmarried drop-off region. Attendant help is recommended even as there may be a tremendous part of tandem areas, similarly to at the same time as there are opportunities to increase ability by the manner of making use of the aisles for additional parking. The chief benefit to offering valet offerings is to present parking customers an opportunity to locating their very own region and taking walks the gap from and lower back to that region.

Drinking straw machine extrusion

Drinking Straw Making Machine data
drinking straw machinePP drinking straw

Polypropylene Drinking straw making machine extrusion have 1 color, 2 colors,3 colors,4 colors,5 colors
drinking straw diameter from 3mm to 15mm.
Suit market:Drinking bar,milk drinking straw,cocktail stir straws,cocktail drinking straws,cofa bar,Lollipop.

This model is a tube extrusion line, composed of extruder and die ,Vacuum calibration and cooling unit,haul-off unit, rotary cutter unit, The series machines can produce all kinds of drinking straw,spiral strip straw,medical pipe, all the machine’s controls base with the control elements ergonomically adapted to permit easy operation.

TECHNICAL FEATURE

1.The extrusion die can be special designed and easy exchanged to produce pipe and shaping stuff,
2.Water bath in stainless steel can be adjusted in three planes ,
3.The haul-off unit can be belt or rollers, it is customizable.
4.Fitted with single or double rotary cutter .

Video of drinking straw making machine
Kingdom Machine Co.,ltd
Tel.:0086-577-66881211;      Fax:0086-577-66881311
Mobile:0086-13088651008;       
Whatsapp:0086-13958812663;

www.kingdommachine.com;
sale@kingdommachine.com;
Whatsapp/Viber/Tango:+86-13088651008
Skype:Kingdombillwang
Ruian Economic Zone,Wenzhou,China 325200 

Save Money And Also Decrease Waste For Your Small Business By Means Of Training

Manufacturing corporations need to ensure they’ll continue to work in the direction of higher earnings and also much less waste material. People who work with molding can need to ensure they will offer additional instruction for their own employees in order to reach these targets. The decoupled molding training they could supply their particular employees can supply them with the knowledge as well as experience to be able to do their particular job far better, which suggests it could be carried out more rapidly and with a lot less waste materials because they’ll discover just how to do a lot more as well as how to work with each other through the entire process.

The primary goal of any small business will be to continue to raise their own earnings. Company owners who have their own staff members take scientific molding training may notice the additional coaching pay off quickly. The more the staff members know, the more they’re able to achieve. When they’ll know the machines better and also they will know more regarding the job so they’re able to band together better, they’re able to get jobs accomplished faster and also with far better accuracy and reliability. What this means is they could accept more jobs and it implies the customers will probably be more pleased with the final results. The extra training directly results in a rise in productiveness and, therefore, a raise of profits.

Together with increasing the income, the additional education is going to help the workers develop a lot less waste. This is far better overall for the company because it allows them to be far more environmentally friendly, enables them to spend less on squandered supplies, and also lets them produce the products more quickly. Using injection molding training will imply the workers could work with each other to generate the product and also can mean they’ll realize just what to do to minimize the waste that’s produced as much as possible for every project they will work with.

If you would like to increase your income and also reduce waste material, you need to offer additional coaching for your employees. Take the time to be able to investigate the injection molding seminars as well as other instruction options that exist today to help you notice just what they supply and just how they’re going to assist you to reach your current targets.

Athens – Church of Agioi Theodoroi

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Crossing Odos Dragatsaniou, in the end stands the attractive medieval church of Agioi Theodoroi (St. Theodore), built on the site of a church founded in the ninth century, but in its present form dating from between 1050 and 1075. This small cruciform church with its high narrow dome, multiple roofs that lend it an air of rhythmic grace, narrow mullioned windows and decorated central door surmounted by arches, is a precious gem of eleventh century Byzantine architecture.

The earliest form of Byzantine churches was that of the basilica, a long rectangle divided by two or four ranges of columns into three or five naves. Later, during the 11th and 12th centuries, the plan changed to that of a Greek cross within a square, dominated by a dome constructed in brick and often combined with one or more subsidiary domes. The exterior walls consist of square-cut stone with thin brick surrounds and are enriched by bands of decoration, carving and the use of color. Few of these churches were large. Apart from St. Theodore, typical examples are the churches of Kapnikarea and St. Eleutherios.

The glory of the Byzantine church lies not so much in the architecture as to the ethereal beauty of its mosaics or frescoes. From the center of the principal dome Christ looks down upon the faithful and below Him are the Apostles. The Virgin appears in the half dome, while around the sanctuary are symbolic figures and emblems connected with the Eucharist. On the West wall opposite the chancel is the Last Judgement. Colored marble and similar material in the lower walls add to the resplendent beauty of the interior.

The liturgy of the Greek Orthodox Church requires separation of the altar from the laity. The altar is placed in a chancel screened from the congregation by the iconostasis, i.e. the screen dividing the sanctuary from the church proper. This is adorned with pictures of Christ, the Virgin, and Saints, and generally has three doors, the curtains of which are lowered while Mass is being celebrated. The chancel is flanked by the Prothesis, where the bread and wine for the Eucharist are prepared, and by the Diakonikon, or vestry.

In St. Theodore one can also notice the influence of the East on Byzantine art, which was prominent in the period from the mid-9th to mid-11th centuries, when Byzantine artists used a variety of Oriental motifs in their designs. It is probable that the design of pseudo-kufic characters (the script perfected during the 7th century by calligraphers in the city of Kafa, in present-day Iraq) that decorate the terracotta panel below the windows of the facade was inspired by the work of Arab craftsmen.

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The Acropolis – Athens, Goddess Athena

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Archaeologists tell us that the original city of Athens was situated on the Acropolis. Even in classical times, the Athenians still referred to this area as “the City.” The city of Athens and its patron goddess emerge into the light of history as inseparably coupled. In Mycenaean times each city was built around a central palace, and each palace was under the protection of its patron goddess. Athena was the goddess of the palace on the Acropolis. The names of the city and its goddess are essentially the same: Athena was Athens, and Athens was Athena. She was “The Athenian.” The ancient Athenians seem to have exhibited, during much of their history, precisely those virtues which they traditionally attributed to her. This may be because, when the Athenians imagined their goddess, they did so in their own image.

According to the myth, Zeus fell in love with a beautiful titaness, Metis (“Cunning Intelligence”). Although she repeatedly changed her shape to avoid his unwelcome attentions, as was his way, he persisted. In the end he caught up with her and raped her.

An oracle then announced that Metis would bear Zeus two children: first a daughter then, a son, and the son would be mightier than his father. Just as Zeus had once overthrown and dispossessed his own father, Chronos, so he was destined in his turn, to be overthrown by his own son. In a desperate attempt to avoid sharing his father’s fate, Zeus gave Metis a potion of drugged ambrosia, and then swallowed her whole.

Some time afterwards a terrible headache came upon him. In great pain, he sought the advice of Hermes, whose only suggestion was that Hephaestos, the smith of the gods, should open his head in order to allow the cause of his pain to escape. Zeus was so desperate that even this drastic remedy was preferable to doing nothing, and Hephaestos was duly summoned to cleave open Zeus’ head with his mighty axe. When he did so, to the astonishment of all the immortals, Athena sprang out with a great war-cry, fully-formed, wearing armour and bearing arms.

Zeus’ daughter not only became the patron of many arts at that time normally considered masculine preserves, such as ceramics, she was also credited with a distinctly unfeminine warlike nature. When the Olympian gods were faced with a titanic struggle against the giants, Athena played a major role in the war, defeating the giant Enkelados in single combat. She came to be depicted not merely as a virgin goddess, but, as an ancient Roman writer put it, as a virago: as a female capable of playing a leading role in a world dominated by men.

It came to be said that the reason for the birth of this goddess lay in a wager between Zeus and his consort, Hera, as to which of them could generate the better progeny entirely alone and unaided. By herself, Hera managed to produce only the crippled god, Hephaestos and a monster; while Zeus was able to bring forth, in Athena, one of the greatest of the Immortals.

This seems to have been a picturesque reference to a widespread belief, which was to appear later in the works of the philosopher Aristotle: that the father alone is responsible for generating his children, and for providing them with their inherited characteristics, and that their mother affords them nothing more than a temporary shelter and sustenance in her womb during her pregnancy.

This is a striking example of the strong climate of male chauvinism which dominated the early classical period in ancient Greece, which is very evident in myth and legend.

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Ancient History – Athens

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Archaeologists have found evidence that Athens has been inhabited from at least the fifth millennium BC. The site would have been attractive to early settlers for a number of reasons: its location in the midst of productive agricultural terrain; its closeness to the coast and the natural safe harbour of Piraeus; the existence of defensible high ground, the Acropolis (from akron and polis, or ‘city on the high ground’); and the proximity of a natural source of water on the north-west side of the Acropolis.

Traces of Mycenaean fortifications from the thirteenth century AC can still be seen on the Acropolis, including some foundations belonging to what must have been a palatial structure. The fortifications, known as the ‘Pelasgian’ walls (after the indigenous people believed to have built them before the arrival of the Greeks around 2000 BC), remained in use until the Persian Wars of 490-480 BC. One stretch behind the temple of Athena Nike appears to have been deliberately preserved in the Classical period.

There was a decline of Mycenaean society across the Greek world around the end of the twelfth century BC. Whether this was directly connected with the Trojan War (around 1184 BC), or the so-called Dorian Invasion thought to have taken place soon after this conflict, Athens does not appear to have succumbed to an attack. The Mycenaean royal family of Pylos is said to have taken refuge in Athens after their city’s fall to the Dorians. One of its members, Codros, became king of his adoptive city.

The collapse of Mycenaean civilization left Greece in political, economic and social decline, accompanied by loss of artistic skills, literacy and trade networks. The Mycenaean form of writing, known as Linear B, was completely forgotten, and the Greek alphabet did not emerge until the late eighth century BC as the new form of writing. At this time city states began to emerge throughout the Greek world, governed by oligarchies, or aristocratic councils. Thirteen kings ruled in Athens after Codros, until in 753 BC they were replaced by officials with a ten-year term, known as decennial archons, and in 683 BC by annually appointed eponymous archons.

Conflict between the oligarchs and the lower classes, many of whom had been reduced to slavery, led to a series of reforms that paved the way for the emergence of the world’s first true democracy. Around 620 BC the lawmaker Dracon set up wooden tablets on the Acropolis known as axones. These were inscribed with civil laws and punishments so harsh that the death penalty was prescribed even for minor crimes, giving rise to the term `draconian’ which is still used today. Dracon’s intervention did little to ensure order, prompting representatives of the nobles and lower classes in 594 BC to appoint the statesman and poet Solon as archon.

Solon terminated aristocratic rule, setting up a representational government where participation was determined not by lineage or bloodline, but wealth. He eliminated slavery based on debt, and restituted freedom and land to those who had been enslaved. Solon created a `Council of Four Hundred’ from equal numbers of representatives of the Ionian tribes to which the Athenians claimed to belong, and instituted four classes of citizenry.

Peisistratos, Solon’s younger cousin, became tyrant (tyrannos) of Athens in 545 BC. He ensured the Solonian constitution was respected and governed benevolently. After Peisistratos’ death, however, things took a negative turn and anti-Peisistratid sentiment grew. By 510 BC King Cleomenes of Sparta was asked to assist in deposing Peisistratos’ son Hippias. Hippias sought refuge in Persia at the court of King Darius.

Soon after, the aristocrat Cleisthenes promised to institute further reforms giving a more direct role to citizens in government. His reforms were passed in 508 BC, and democracy was established in Athens. A new `Council of Five Hundred’ (the Boule) replaced the ‘Council of Four Hundred’, with equal representation from the various tribes. Cleisthenes is also credited with instituting the system of ostracism, which ‘voted’ an individual considered dangerous to democracy into exile for ten years.

It is uncertain when the former Mycenaean citadel was transformed into a sacred precinct but by the late eighth century BC a modest temple (or perhaps more than one) stood on the plateau. The oldest and holiest cult image on the Acropolis was the statue of Athena Polias (Protectress of the City), a crude olive-wood figure, so old that Athenians of the Classical period believed it had either fallen from heaven or been made by Cecrops or Erichthonios. This sacred image of Athena was ritually ‘dressed’ every year in a peplos, a sacred robe, as part of the Panathenaic festival.

A temple is thought to have been built around 700 BC to the south of the later, Classical Erechtheion, to house the statue of Athena Polias. The first major building of which there are significant remains on the Acropolis was the so-called ‘Bluebeard Temple’, built in the Archaic period around 560 BC. The ‘Bluebeard Temple’ is thought by some to have stood to the south of the later Erechtheion. Ancient texts mention a mysterious building or precinct contemporary to the ‘Bluebeard Temple’, called the Hecatompedon, or ‘Hundred-footer’. Whatever this structure or place was, it gave its name to the principal room of the Classical Parthenon, perhaps because the later building occupies the same site.

With the expulsion of Hippias a new temple was built on the Acropolis, its foundations still visible to the south of the later Erechtheion. This building, the Archaios Naos, or ‘ancient temple’, is likely to have been deliberately commissioned around 506 BC as a replacement for the ‘Bluebeard Temple’.

The first Persian invasion of 490 BC saw the victory of the Athenians at the battle of Marathon against the forces of King Darius of Persia. The following year the elated Athenians leveled an area on the south side of the Acropolis and began construction of the Old Parthenon. A new gateway to the Acropolis was also commenced, known as the Old Propylaia.

This post-Marathonian building program on the Acropolis came to a violent end in 480 BC when Xerxes, son of King Darius, led a second Persian invasion of Greece. Athens had to be evacuated and Xerxes razed the city and buildings on the Acropolis. Under the command of Themistocles, the Athenians destroyed the Persian fleet in the battle of Salamis. Victory over the Persians was ensured after the battle of Plataea (479 BC), to the northwest of Athens, when a combined Greek army annihilated the Persians.

In the aftermath of the battle of Plataea, a vow was made by the victors never to rebuild the shrines that were destroyed in the war, preserving them instead as memorials for later generations.

Pericles, who was a general and statesman, came to power in Athens around 461 BC. He considered the oath of Plataea to have been fulfilled, as thirty years had elapsed from the Persian invasion, and proceeded to reconstruct the temples on the Acropolis. He gathered together the best architects and artists in the city and plans were drawn up to erect new buildings that would outshine those torn down by the Persians. The Periclean building programme enhanced the lower city with new monuments, such as the Temple of Hephaestus, also known as the Theseion, and the Painted Stoa or Poikile situated near the Agora (marketplace).

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